Indigenous Californians were the state’s earliest image-makers. Their sacred, ancient rock art includes elaborate depictions of animals and human figures combined with symbols, patterns, and geometric shapes. These stunning markings in paint and chiseled rock are believed to be visual records of religious rituals, visions, mythology, and cosmological events. Centuries later, European expeditions produced visual documents that were useful for navigation, science, and trade, hastening the expansion of colonial power in California.
After gold was discovered in 1848, and following statehood in 1850, the need to visually describe California for legal, commercial, and promotional purposes soared. Photography soon joined drawing, painting, letterpress printing, lithography, and engraving as mediums available to realistically and artistically represent California as an impression or expression of place.
Picturing California: A Visual Tour Through the Golden State, which is open through February 27, 2018, explores the many ways California has been pictured, from the practical and commercial to the artistic. Exhibit selections spotlight some of the department’s historic collecting areas, including California and regional history; California literature and poetry; California tourism and promotion; California architecture; California fine press printing, book arts, and photography; and the history of the graphic arts.
Highlights include Eadweard Muybridge’s 1877 photographic panorama of San Francisco, wood engravings of the desert and Yosemite by Paul Landacre and Richard Wagener, photographs and architectural plans for the Fararr House, Mark Mills’ demolished masterpiece, and an audio-visual display of Courier’s Text Atlas of the United States of America, a “geographically accurate, 100% typed atlas of the US, with each state typed out using only the letters of its name,” as read by Alex, synthetic computer voice.
The exhibit is dedicated to the memory of Kevin Starr (1940-2017), journalist, professor, scholar, and former California State Librarian. He devoted his career to chronicling California’s dynamic history, both fact and fantasy, and included print culture as a vital part of it.
The graphic design for the exhibit is by library student assistant Swasti Mittal (ART, ’18).
Learn more about Special Collections and Archives at http://lib.calpoly.edu/sca